Study from Drug and Alcohol Dependence:
- 12.4% of high school seniors reported lifetime nonmedical opioid use.
- As frequency of opioid use increased, so too did the odds for reporting heroin use.
- Over three-quarters (77.3%) of heroin users reporting lifetime nonmedical opioid use.
- Females were consistently at low odds for reporting use of opioids and heroin.
- Racial minority students were less likely to report opioid or heroin use